O'Kelly of Hy-Many



Coat of Arms

The colors of Blue or Azure and Silver represent "Strength and Loyalty", Silver or Argent represents "Sincerity and Peace".  Green or Vert represents "Hope, joy, and loyalty in love".

The Crown - Regal or Senior Authority
The Helmet - Wise Defense (grated indicates nobility)
Shield - Authority
Tower - Grandeur and Wealth
Lions - Great Warrior or Chief, tongues extended to make them appear fierce
Chains - Honor or Obligation
Cross - Fought in the Crusades (tower of D H)
Arm in Armor - leadership
Dart (spear) - Readiness for Battle
Enfield - Mythical beast said to have protected fallen chieftains' bodies for proper burial.  Often shown standing upon a "Weath" which is two twisted cords.


The Ui Ceallaigh of Hy-Many were hereditary kings of the  Kingdom of Ui Maine or in English, "Hy-Many" located in the providence of Connaught in western Ireland.  Ui is plural for Ua, Ua Ceallaigh is one O'Kelly, Ui Ceallaigh is more than one or a clan of O'Kellies. The Ui Ceallaigh were the treasurers for the providence of Connaught receiving 1/3 of all the wealth from the ship wrecks along the shore. In the time of Teige Mor O'Kelly who died in 1014 they were very wealthy possessing gold, silver, cattle, and horses.    Every child dreams that they descended from Kings and for our family line represented on this website this is true, we descended from Maine Mor in the 4th century, Ceallach  King of Hy-Many from Teige Mor O'Kelly own line continued to be Kings of Hy-Many until that right was taken from us by the invading English but their heirs continue as Chiefs or Captains as the English called them until the 16th century when Hugh was said to be the last Chief of Hy-Many, the last to be called Captain but there was one more as Red Hugh O'Donnel made Feardoroghoe Ó Ceallaigh of Aughrim the Chief of Hy-Many in 1595 having driven the English from Connaught but for a brief number of years.  While Feardoroghoe was the last to be called Chief of Hy-Many, the Chief of our name in Hy-Many continues today with  "Count Walter Lionel O'Kelly", The O'Kelly and if Hy-Many existed today as it did for more than a thousands years, he would be Chief or King of Hy-Many.  The royal line of the Hy-Many O'Kelly is many centuries older than that of the line of the royal family of England.   It should be noted that there never was a single person called "The O'Kelly"  different clans also had members they referred to as "The O'Kelly".
 
What Coat of Arms did Ceallach or Teige his grandson use?  It seems certain they didn't use the one in use today because stone towers didn't come into use in Ireland until about 1400 AD but the tower supported by two lions do appear in other family lines.  To the left is the Mac Giolla Cheallaigh Arms and they became the KilKelly mostly found in Co Clare and Co Galway.
 

 
 
Personal Arms of Rick O'Kelley - I use a 13 star background to represent my 4th great grandfather Charles O'Kelley's military service during our American Revolutionary War.  I also use a helmet without the grates to represent mine and my grandfather's military service.  Grates in a helmet represent nobility of which I am not.  When a helmet has both grates and is set to fully face forward it indicates the arms is that of a full King.  My use of a closed faced helmet fits for the Burgher Arms or the arms of commoners.  The arms used by Alethea Jane Macon also uses a closed helmet also suitable use for a commoner.

 

Our ancestors long used banners and other symbols to represent their Sept or Clan.  Coat of Arms may have came about as a signature for legal documents.  Few people could read in early times so nobles used seals as a signature.  A signature would have been useless to those who could not read but put a seal upon it and they knew it was an important document and the noble who authorized it.  Seals are mentioned in the Bible, they appeared on the tombs in Egypt so they have long been used by humans so it should not be surprising that they would have been used by our ancestors.  Arms were used to identify knights in battle and sometimes appeared on banners to identify armies, it was so in the heat of battle men knew where to rally and where to fight.  We do this today, we dress our solders the same and they often have flag patches, service patches, patches of rank ensigns on their uniforms.  When I was in the USAF I wore three different ARMS on my uniform, one to identify my branch of service, one to identify that I was assigned to SAC Command and the last to identify I was of the 97th Supply Squadron so this custom is still used in my lifetime.  It is believed that Irish Knights or Champions as they were known in Ireland were influenced by the English and maybe as early as the 13th century some may have adopted an arms and display it on their armor or on a banner or flag so it would be possible to tell friend from foe in the heat of battle. It was used to avoid "friendly fire" and to display rank and nobility and identify clans or septs.  The modern use of the registered English style Arms in Ireland came about much later, most records indicate that it was in the mid 18th century that some Irish nobles began to register their own personal arms and some of their seals appear on some documents.  There are several examples of O'Kellys in Ireland signing deeds and other agreement using their personal seals but none are described like the arms to the left so while many have come to accept the arms to the left as the Coat of Arms of the O'Kellys this might not be true.  Some who has studied this in detail have found little evidence that the Irish used a Coat of Arms in this manner and some experts believe they came in use in Ireland about the 16th century only to appease the British, that to appear more English and less Irish the landed Gentry or Gaelic nobles of Ireland began to adopt the use of English styled Arms so it is very possible that the arms to the left is a very modern invention and was invented sometime in the 15th or maybe the 16th century and that seems supported by the inclusion of the tower that is the main element of this arms as stone tower houses of this type didn't come into use in Ireland until about 1400 AD. 


It seems widely accepted that the large colored Coat of Arms that appears on the top left of this page is the Coat of Arms for the O'Kellys of Hy-Many.  It is the description of this arms that appears in John and Bernard Burkes who catalog the arms granted to some O'Kellys by English authority.  I have searched to find other independent authority for such a belief but everything I have found indicates the belief that this arms was the ancient arms of the O'Kellys of Hy-Many seems to originate solely from the descendants of the O'Kellys of Hy-Many and their claim presented to the King of Arms.  My research has presented me with a growing body of evidence that maybe as far back as 1600 there was a commonly held believe that all who bore the O'Kelly name descended from Teige Mor O'Kelly the great King of Hy-Many but DNA research indicates that few lines of O'Kelly may have and that indicates that non related lines of O'Kellys may have used some of the basic elements of the O'Kelly Arms and that the arms isn't unique only to O'Kellys of Hy-Many but was used by any noble Irish family named O'Kelley.  Below I present the Colla O'Kelly Arms which if it was carved at about 1615 AD it would seem to be the oldest known example of any arms used by an O'Kelly of Hy-Many but we have no method to know exactly when it was carved and it looks the least like the modern large colored Coat of Arms most often associated with the O'Kellys of Hy-Many.  There maybe be an older carving of an arms as it is claimed that 1608 AD the Arms was authorized and it appears on 1684 AD dated stone slab of Brian O'Kelly of Cadamstown and it looks the most like the modern large colored Coat of Arms.  These two arms were created within 60 or 70 years of each other.  This makes perfect sense when one considers that the O'Kellys who lived among the English in the east of Ireland were more likely to adopt English style Coat of Arms much quicker than the O'Kellys living a more isolated life among their Gaelic peers in western Ireland.  So my opinion has changed and I now think it is likely that the O'Kellys of Hy-Many didn't invent the O'Kelly Arms but rather adopted it probably because it was already established and accepted by the now extant lines seated in counties Meath and Kildare and other O'Kellys closer to Dublin and the English and because the O'Kelly lines in the east were reduced long ago the stone slab for Brian O'Kelly may be the only evidence left of their once greatness but Brian O'Kelly and Colla O'Kelly Arms are not the only evidence because at the bottom of this page are four 19th century Bookplates.  Two are Bookplates used by O'Kellys of Hy-Many, D H Kelly is a direct descendant of Colla O'Kelly and the remaining two bookplates were used by O'Kellys that were not thought to be of Hy-Many and we see some of the common elements of the O'Kelly Coat of Arms used in all four bookplates supporting my belief that the O'Kelly Arms was commonly used by all O'Kellys in Ireland because they were all believed to have descended from Teige Mor O'Kelly who died 1014 at the Battle of Clontarf.  I think these Arms tell us that the common belief that all O'Kellys descend from the same ancestor isn't new, that it was a belief that was widely held even in ancient times and still living today in modern times thus giving cause for the shared basic design found in these Coats of Arms.  I think the only reason Edward MacLysaght, John and Bernard Burkes, John O'Hart, and John O'Donovan and others associate the O'Kelly Arms with the O'Kellys of Hy-Many is by the time these researchers and authors lived there was no noble lines of O'Kellys from these other lines alive in Ireland or with the financial means to dispute the claims given them by the O'Kellys of Hy-Many

I wonder if there is a clue to the true origins of the O'Kelly Coat of Arms found in Author W. E. McClenny book titled "The life of Rev. James O'Kelly and the early history of the Christian church in the South" where on pages 14 and 15 he says 'William O'Kelly of Athlone, was chief of Hy Many and after King Edward's accession to the Crown, his Majesty, by letter to L. D. St Ledger, dated at Greenwich, 7th April, 1547, directed that "in respect of his faithful and diligent service, done to his father and himself, he would be one of the Privy Council."  In which year the Castle of Athlone, at his Motion and Instigation, being repaired and garrisoned by order of the Council, the Charge thereof was committed to him, which he most effectually performed, notwithstanding the opposition of Dominick O'Kelly, and other powerful chiefs in Connaught.  Letters of protection were granted MacMurough, O'Kelly, and O'Melaglin.'  I have not found this letter and I think W E McClenny confused William Brabazon with William O'Kelly but there does appear to be contention over the Chieftainship during this time.  If W E McClenny quotes this document correctly then I think there can be little doubt that William O'Kelly was a rare early protestant, he had to take the Oath of Supremacy making him a probably ancestor of Rev James O'Kelly and any O'Kelly appointed to the English King's Privy Council would have his own English styled Coat of Arms but I wonder if McClenny got this right as this William O'Kelly of Athlone does not appear in Dr John O'Donovan's chart of Chiefs of Hy-Many, this William O'Kelly seems to be completely ignored by Irish history and is not found in Hy-Many history but if what McClenny claims was true then I suspect that this William O'Kelly must be the true origins of the O'Kelly Coat of Arms and all the O'Kellys who came after him borrowed from his arms.  As a member of the King's Privy Council his arms would have been authorized the ducal coronet that is claimed by all who appear in Bernard Burkes Books and if he claimed to be Chief, he may have had a Pedigree that claimed descent from Tadhg Mór Ó Ceallaigh and he may be responsible for the legend about the Enfield that tops the Coat of Arms. As a member of the King's Privy Council William would have been hated by the other Gaelic O'Kelly Chiefs explaining why he isn't remembered or given credit for the origins of the O'Kelly Arms.  Perhaps the reason that all known images of the O'Kelly Arms share some common elements is because they all have their roots in a much earlier O'Kelly Coat of Arms that everyone has copied; as I have copied.

I have found only three physical examples for the use of the O'Kelly Arms before 1750 and the oldest is thought to be the bronze stamp to the right.  Since metals cannot be carbon dated, I am not sure how the date of this stamp could be determined but it was said to have been discovered in a bog in Ireland in May of 1858 and while it is given as the seal of the O'Kellys of Hy-Many I can find no evidence that proves that this bronze stamp was ever used by any O'Kelly and there are other families who use the tower with the two lions so the commonly accepted O'Kelly arms could be as it is represented or it could have resulted from family myth and not fact.  If this seal is as some claim then shouldn't there be one document that survives today that bears the mark of this seal?  If one doesn't exist then it is likely this seal was created about 1858 for criminal profit.

The arms that appears on the O'Kelly Slab in the Cadamstown Churchyard  in Co Offlay not far from Co Laois and it bears an inscription that Coat of Arms was authorized by the English King of Arms St George in 1608 AD.  The stone bears the date of death as 1684 AD with an inscription that translates "Here lies Brian O'Kelly of Cadamstown, grandson of Ferdinand O'Kelly, Lord of Irry-O'Kelly and Carrig-Dunamas, in Leinster, who led in marriage Ellenor, daughter of Roger O'More of Balina, Esquire, by whom he had six sons who were killed in battle, except Gerald O'Kelly, a lieutenant of Charles O'More's regiment. Gerald married Elizabeth, daughter of James Bagot of Bathjordan in County Limerick, by his wife Sheelah Poer; she was the grand-daughter of Earl of Muskerry, and of Sir William Power of Kilbolan, Knight."  The full text is found in the Journal of the County Kildare Archaeological Society, Volume 2  By County Kildare Archaeological Society beginning on page 448.  This arms includes a profile helmet, an Enfield if it is an Enfield as it looks more like a dog is "statant"  but may be "Passant" as one front foot appears to not touch, lions with chains, but the tower doesn't have the traditional three turrets that one finds in the arms claimed by the O'Kellys of Hy-Many so this arms is different but that difference appears to have been missed.  The Cadamstown O'Kellys are thought not to be descendants of Tadhg Mór Ó Ceallaigh the ancestor of the Hy-Many O'Kellys and Cadamstown is within O'Kellie Country in Co Laois who were subchiefs to the O'Mores and were of the 7 Septs of Leix who lost their lands through confiscation in the 1500s and early 1600s.  The author of the article suspects the use of this arms was an error but that is because he like so many others is accepting common lore about the O'Kellys of Hy-Many; Tadhg Mór Ó Ceallaigh had other sons and grandsons, there are O'Kellys appearing even in the commonly accepted O'Kelly of Hy-Many Pedigree who did not descend from William Boy O'Kelly the common ancestor for all who is documented so it is very possible that the use of this arms was valid for the O'Kellys of Cadamstown.  It may be an error for researchers to always assume that the Enfield that tops the crest of all O'Kelly Arms must always represent Tadhg Mór Ó Ceallaigh as in Heraldry the Enfield represents a great chief who fell in battle so it is entirely possible that the Enfield that crests the O'Kellys of Cadamstown Coat of Arms represents one of the great chiefs of their line who fell in battle.  Who can say the O'Kellys of Cadamstown were not the first to use the basic design and the O'Kellys of Hy-Many who descend from William Boy O'Kelly borrowed their design and used the Enfield to represent their fallen chieftain?  The importance of this early arm proves that lines of O'Kellys outside of Hy-Many used a similar O'Kelly Arms apparently before anyone else thus making it likely the design might not have been unique to the O'Kellys of Hy-Many and the fact that appearing on this 1684 slab for Brian O'Kelly is the name of his ancestor authorized, the year it was authorized and the name of the King of Arms who authorized it causes me to believe that there was already some dispute over who had a right to the Coat of Arms and Brian was leaving the trail for us to follow because he feared his family's claim to the Coat of Arms might also be buried and forgotten.  I have not been able to determine the descent of these O'Kellys or if any still survive in Ireland.

The Brian O'Kelly Cadamstown Coat of Arms appears more like the modern descriptions of the O'Kelly of Hy-Many Coat of Arms than the oldest known example and it comes in the form of a photo from the Kelly Clann of Ireland website where it is said to be carved upon the tomb of Colla O'Kelly the 7th Lord of Screen who died in 1615 AD and is buried in the Kilconnell Abbey in Co Galway Ireland.  I think the image carved on Colla's tomb must be proof that non related O'Kellys shared some common designs in their Coat of Arms.  Colla O'Kelly a descendant of William Boy O'Kelly was an O'Kelly of Hy-Many, yet his arms looks much different from the description that appear in John and Bernard Burkes books, different from the Arms described in the 1800 books by John O'Hart, and John O'Donovan, and different from the Arms that appears in Edward MacLysaght books causing me to wonder, who borrowed from who?  I doubt anyone knows when the image on Colla's tomb was carved but if it was carved not long after Colla's death or even before his may be the earliest image of what is believed to be the "O'Kelly of Hy-Many" arms and unlike the bronze seal and the Cadamstown Arms, this carved image doesn't include a helmet or crown, the Enfield also looks more like a dog is "Passant" and not "statant", the chains are not represented, and it has the three turrets common to the O'Kelly of Hy-Many Arms.  But this arms is different from the arms associated with the O'Kelly of Hy-Many as it has the traditional tower with the rampart lions on each side that we all have come to accept as the arms of O'Kelly it also has a third rampart lion appearing on the far right and there are bars or lines faintly represented behind the head of that rampart lion.  Colla O'Kelly's 1615 Coat of Arms is very different from that of Brian O'Kelly at Cadamstown, the Enfield on Colla's arms is standing upon the two twisted cords called a "wreath"  and it is over and part of the third rampart lion and not over the tower supported by two rampart lions.  It seems clear that as early as the time of Colla's death in 1615 different lines of O'Kelly had their own design that may have been unique to their most powerful ancestor but it appears most used some of the basic elements found in the O'Kelly Arms today.  I know of no Irish O'Kelly Coat of Arms from any line of Irish O'Kelly that does not use a Tower supported by two Rampart Lions.

 


So how did the Irish O'Kelly of Hy-Many Coat of Arms come to be associated with my American O'Kelley family?  I can only guess because no one living seems to know but Alethea Jane Macon in her 1969 book titled "Four O'Kelley Sons and some of their descendants - Allied Families" used on her cover the black and white arms to the left and in her introduction she implies that our immigrant ancestor descends from the O'Kellys of Hy-Many and while my DNA clearly proves that William Boy O'Kelly the ancestor of all known living Hy-Many lines today was not my direct ancestor, blood wasn't always the requirement that our ancestors placed on kinship so I have found no method to prove or disprove what Macon implies.  Alethea Jane Macon does not tell her reader the source for her Coat of Arms but I have a theory as on the bottom of page four of her book Macon identifies her source for the names of the first American born sons; "From the Francis O'Kelley branch of the family have come the names of six sons who were born to Thomas O'Kelley and his wife Elizabeth Dean".  I think that in addition to the names of the sons, that it is reasonable to assume that Macon also obtained the image since the only descendant of the Francis O'Kelley branch of the family she thanked was Kate Walker (Effie Kate O'Kelley) and Kate was the daughter of Thomas Dean O'Kelley the only O'Kelley I have found who visited Ireland and he made that visit in 1883 and in that time Charles O'Kelly Esq of Newtown in Co Galway Ireland used a registered Coat of Arms where the Enfield is describes in Bernard Burke's book as Passant.  Burke also describes the registered arms of other native Irish O'Kellys and most all are described as the large colored arms where the Enfield is "statant".  A minor detail but cases are often solved because of the discovery of a minor detail.  Thomas Dean O'Kelley may have been an artist and he may have created the arms that Macon used or just bought it off the streets of Ireland and came back with it but his son, Fredrick Henry O'Kelley was an artist and the colored arms to the right is a photography of an arms that Fredrick Henry O'Kelley painted, framed, and gave as gifts to his family members so he may have created the image of the arms that Macon used or simply took a copy brought back by his father and painted it.  I received the photo of one of his paintings from Sandra Claire Thompson the granddaughter of Fredrick Henry O'Kelley.  I have no method to know but maybe Alethea Jane Macon's source for the Coat of Arms she used in her book knew something that connected the Coat of Arms to my family and has been lost but let me be clear, Bernard Burke does describe the arms that Macon used in her book very much like the arms of Charles Kelly of Newtown but I have found no evidence that proves that he is of my family.  The name Charles O'Kelley runs deep in my American family but DNA and pedigrees exclude any possibility that we could be of his family but I am not sure how to prove the accuracy of those pedigrees.  And while I do not know who may have created the Coat of Arms image that Macon uses in her book, there is a tiny mark that appears hidden in the Coat of Arms that I believe may be the mark of the artist who created this arms and if this mark can be identified the true origins of this image can be proven. 

Alethea Jane Macon in her book describes the O'Kelley Coat of Arms as "blue shield upon which is depicted in silver a tower, triple-turreted, supported on each side by a silver lion, rampart.  From the neck of each of the lions hangs a golden chain descending between his legs.  The mantle is blue and silver".  Rightly or wrongly it is the Coat of Arms most of my cousins believe was used by our Irish ancestors so rightly or wrongly I embrace its use on my websites.   


Bernard Burke describes:  O’Kelley of Ui Maine, Ireland Clann or Sept.  Arms:  Azure a tower triple-towered supported by two lions rampart argent as many chains descending from the battlements between the lions’ legs.  Crest: On a ducal coronet or an Enfield vert**:  Motto: Irish: "Ta Dia Dam Tor Laidir" but appears most often in Latin: "Turris fortis mihi Deus" meaning in English "God is my tower of Strength".  The Motto often appears as a banner below the shield.  Above the shield appears a double Coronet, the lower the helmet of a Champion*, the upper a crown of nobility; the King of Ui Maine.  On top appears a mythical beast called an Enfield describe as vert or green and while there is a tradition that is said the beast came from the Irish sea near Dublin to stand over and protect the body of Teige O'Kelly who fell in the Battle of Clontart good Friday 1014 the use of the Enfield is not unique to the Hy-Many O'Kellys as the Enfield is a Heraldry Symbol  that denotes a chief fell in battle.  John O'Donovan reports that it appears on several O'Kelly tombs in Ireland which would suggest the person in those tombs were chiefs who died in battle.

There are several distinctive Coat of Arms used by the descendants of Teige O'Kelly Descriptions for numerous Hy-Many lines are described by Burkes to appear mostly as the large colored Coat of Arms to the left or a dual Coronet and the Enfield "statant" and it is also the arms that we see below left for D H O'Kelly but to the far right of D H Kelly's arms we see the arms of Authur Keily a family that lived mainly in South and Southeastern Ireland who very early used the double "e" spelling of O'Kelley.  Sometime during the reign of Queen Elizabeth they dropped the "O" and became Kelley but during the reduction to remove the unnecessary extra "e"s they became Keily likely to set them apart from the Hy-Many O'Kellys who began to use Kelly.  The Authur Keily Arms is not the only variations on the most commonly accepted O'Kelly Arms as Dr John O'Donovan one page 129 reports a description for the Tycooly House in Co Galway Ireland as field gules (red shield) and unchained lions which is more like the below Arms for Castle Kelly.  The Coat of Arms to the right is the arms for the O'Kellys of Barretstown Co Kildare as described at the bottom of list in Bernard Burke and the arms of the O'Kelly of Ballysax arms also described in Bernard Burke and these two Killdare houses of O'Kelly are cousins both descend from the House of Screen and Colla O'Kelly.

Most all of these arms present the Enfield standing on what appears to be a stripped cushion.  This is called a "Wreath" which is two cords twisted and is said to mean a "sign of authority".  Why this appears on some and not others is a mystery but nothing is placed on a Coat of Arms without meaning and I note that it is missing from the Coat of Arms that appears in the front of Alethea Jane Macon's book and it is missing from the large color representation that appears on the top left of this page.  Why is it missing, I suspect it is because the artist overlooked it.

General Richard Denis Kelly "The O'Kelly" of Mucklon Co Galway Ireland used an arms that appears in the Visitation of Ireland Volume 3 and it is very different from all other O'Kelly arms.

English Coat of Arms were issued to individual family members and only they can bear the Arms, the Irish Coat of Arms belong to the Sept and any blood descendent of that O’Kelley Sept was authorized to display the Arms as his own but during the 19th century when the Irish were becoming more acceptable of English ways and customs several different lines of O'Kellys made application and were registered by the Ulster King of Arms.  These O'Kellys appear in Benard Burkes 1884 book titled "The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales".  Today they would make application to the Office of the Chief of Herold.  The O'Kelly Coat of Arms first appeared in the Ulster Kings of Arms 1755 when registered by Denis O'Kelly


I think it worthy to mention that I have displayed ten Coat of Arms that were actually used, eleven if we count the Arms of Barretstown and Ballysax individually for each house and the chains that are commonly described in Burkes appear only in the Brian O'Kelly of Cadamstown, the Arms that appears in the front Alethea Jane Macon's book, the Bookplate for D H Kelly, and the Arms of General Richard Denis Kelly.  Less than 50% of the time the chains appear in real Coat of Arms.  The helmet appears in only the Brian O'Kelly of Cadamstown, the Bronze Seal, Bookplate for D H Kelly, and Alethea Jane Macon's book and that too is less than 50% of the Arms.  Of the eleven arms represented on this page, seven are used by Colla O'Kelly of Screen and his descendants.  General Richard Denis Kelly is said to have descended from William Boy O'Kelly but by Hugh O'Kelly the 27th Chief of Hy-Many.  Brian O'Kelly of Cadamstown, Fitz Roy Kelly, and Authur Keily are thought not to have descended from William Boy O'Kelly but it is unknown if they claim descent from Tadhg Mór Ó Ceallaigh who died in 1014 at the Battle of Clontarf. 


O'Kelly Bookplates from the 19th Century
       
Denis Henry Kelly Rev Andrew Kelly
father of Denis Henry Kelly
Fitz Roy Kelly Authur Keily
       

Before Public Libraries, the lords of the manors maintained their own personal libraries and as they would loan books they needed a method that would allow the ownership of the books to be identified and this was accomplished by the use of bookplates which were small labels often 9X6 CM that were pasted either in the front or back of the book.  The above are bookplates that I have obtained.  The first two are bookplates from the O'Kellys of Hy-Many.  Castle Kelly was originally known as the Castle of Aughrane.  The second two are descendants of other O'Kelly lines who like Brian O'Kelly of Cadamstown are thought not to have descended from the O'Kellys of Hy-Many.  All four bookplates are dated to the 19th Century.  Notice the shields have direction lines, these tell the viewer the color of the shield, it is called Hatching, and only D H Kelly and Fitz Roy Kelly are Blue, Castle Kelly has a green upper and a purple lower while Authur Keily is white.

Some of the O'Kelly Coat of Aarms include chains running from the Lions' neck down between their legs but the Castle Kelly arms is missing the chains and the dual Coronet.  The O'Kellys that descend from Teige who died at Clontarf or the Battle of Brian as most often given top their arms with an Enfield a commonly used symbol that indicates the owner of that Coat of Arms died in battle but the arms of Fitz Roy Kelly is topped by a grey hound (Courage, vigilance, and loyalty).  Arthor Keily uses an arms that is topped by an Enfield so like Teige that indicates his ancestor fell in battle otherwise his arms is like Castle Kelly's arms as it is also minus the chains and his castle has four turrets while it is said the O'Kellys have three so it appears there were a lot of borrowing that occurred.  These minor differences might seem meaningless to us today but they had meaning to those who bore those arms.


* Irish Knights were known as Champions  **Vert is green
O'Kelleys in America
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